Otorhinolaryngology and maxillofacial surgery
ENT and maxillofacial surgery - what are these professions?
Otorhinolaryngology (ENT) and maxillofacial surgery are different medical fields, but they have many similarities.
The word ORL is an abbreviated name for a medical profession whose area of work is a large part of the head and neck. It deals with function, diseases, malformations and other disorders of the head and neck in children and adults. This profession actually consists of several smaller separate branches known as:
- otology (diseases of the ear, temporal bones and skull base),
- rhinology (diseases of the nose, paranasal sinuses and orbit of the eye),
- pharyngology (including lips, oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus) and
- laryngology (diseases of the throat and trachea).
Added to this is head and neck surgery (including diseases of the thyroid and salivary glands and other structures and skin), which contributes the most through head and neck plastic surgery due to rapid progress in the knowledge of anatomy and the development of technology (such as materials in implantology) .
A large part of aesthetic surgery and medicine (such as the application of Botox or dermal fillers ) is performed by ENT specialists with completed subspecialization in head and neck plastic surgery .
A more detailed description of the work of this profession can be found on the website of the Confederation of European Otorhinolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery (CEORLHNS) .
Maxillofacial surgery is a branch of medicine that deals with diseases that are found in the area of the face, jaw and mouth. This branch of medicine is closely related to otorhinolaryngology and oral surgery. In some segments these branches overlap. He also deals with injuries, malformations and deformities as well as facial and neck reconstruction after extensive facial and jaw surgeries.
Otorhinolaryngology and maxillofacial surgery are professions that overlap and often collaborate in a multidisciplinary manner.
Areas that we deal with the most
- Snoring and sleep disorders
- Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
- Septoplasty – functional operation of the nasal septum, with or without rhinoplasty
- Surgical treatment of paranasal sinuses – functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS)
- Surgical treatment of salivary gland disease
- Surgical treatment of thyroid and parathyroid diseases
- Congenital head and neck anomalies
- Children’s otolaryngology
- ENT manifestations of systemic diseases