Otorhinolaryngology and maxillofacial surgery
What are otorhinolaryngology and maxillofacial surgery and what are the areas of work of these professions?
The word otorhinolaryngology (ENT) is an abbreviated name for the medical profession for which the field of work is a large part of the head and neck. It deals with function, diseases, malformations and other disorders of the head and neck in children and adults. This profession actually consists of several smaller separate branches known as:
- otology (diseases of the ear, temporal bones and skull base),
- rhinology (diseases of the nose, paranasal sinuses and orbit of the eye),
- pharyngology (including lips, oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus) and
- laryngology (diseases of the throat and trachea).
To this is added head and neck surgery (including thyroid and salivary gland diseases and other structures and skin), which advances rapidly through anatomical knowledge and the development of technology through head and neck plastic surgery .
A more detailed description of the work of this profession can be found on the website of the Confederation of European Otorhinolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery (CEORLHNS) .
Maxillofacial surgery is a branch of medicine that deals with diseases that are found in the area of the face, jaw and mouth. This branch of medicine is closely related to otorhinolaryngology and oral surgery. In some segments these branches overlap. He also deals with injuries, malformations and deformities as well as facial and neck reconstruction after extensive facial and jaw surgeries.
Areas of otorhinolaryngology that we deal with the most
- Snoring and sleep disorders
- Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
- Septoplasty – a functional operation of the nasal septum
- Surgical treatment of paranasal sinuses – functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS)
- Surgical treatment of salivary gland disease
- Surgical treatment of thyroid and parathyroid diseases
- Congenital anomalies of the head and neck