Liposuction (removal of excess fat) is a surgical procedure that reduces the increased volume caused by excessive accumulation of adipose tissue and shapes the treated region to improve the contours and proportions of the body.
THE PROBLEM OF EXCESS FAT
Disproportionate contours of individual body parts can occur due to localized fat deposits. Then, despite satisfactory general health and a reasonable level of physical activity, it is not possible to act to eliminate the described changes. These changes may be the result of a family predisposition to certain metabolic disorders (unlike the most common reasons – overweight and physical inactivity).
Liposuction techniques help reduce localized fat deposits in different regions of the body (thighs, hips and buttocks, abdomen and waist, upper arms, back, chest, knees, cheeks, chin and neck). In some cases, liposuction is performed as a separate procedure, and sometimes as an additional procedure (with a facelift or breast reduction).
LIPOSUCTION - LIPOPLASTY - IDEAL CANDIDATE
The most suitable candidates are adults who are within 30% of the ideal weight, with firm elastic skin and good muscle tone, without any serious illness, non-smokers. However, even the correct selection of candidates cannot be more important than carefully following the instructions of your surgeon.
Careful assessment of your overall health is necessary, with the aim of recognizing and reducing potential risks. It is important to know about allergies, the use of medicines, vitamins, herbal preparations, alcohol, cigarettes, as well as experience with previous operations.
It is often advised to stop taking preparations such as aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs or herbal preparations (because they can all increase the risk of bleeding during or after surgery).
Your surgeon may request a general medical examination, various laboratory tests, and also ask you to start taking certain medications or correct your regular therapy (if any). It is advisable to stop smoking for some time before surgery.
The intended type of anesthesia for liposuction is intravenous sedation and general anesthesia, as recommended by your surgeon and anesthesiologist. Liposuction is performed through small barely visible incisions in the skin. Initially, a solution of fluid is applied through the openings to reduce trauma and bleeding. After that, a hollow tube (cannula) is introduced and with controlled movements the cannula softens the fat deposits in the treated region. After that, the “broken” fat is suctioned out with the help of a pump.
The most commonly treated area on the face is the chin (the part of the face and neck below the lower jaw – submental liposuction). Incisions are most often located below the chin and behind the earlobe. After the fat is removed, the skin shrinks (contracts) within the limits of the new contours.
After liposuction of the abdomen, chin, and other regions, the removed fat cells do not return, but the remaining cells may increase, depending on the patient’s lifestyle. At the end of the operation, a compression elastic bandage is placed, as this measure ensures control of swelling and compresses the skin to maintain the resulting contour. There is a possibility of placing small drains to remove any excess tissue fluid.
It should be noted that sometimes an additional procedure may be needed to remove the newly formed “excess” skin.
Along with facial liposuction, it is possible to simultaneously correct some other detail on the face, so eyelid correction is performed relatively often.
RESULTS AND RISKS OF LIPOSUCTION
The final result comes after all swellings disappear. After the procedure, it is recommended to maintain a healthy lifestyle (especially diet and nutrition) because only in this way there is a good chance that the result will be satisfactory for a long time.
Although not as common, the risks of liposuction exist and should certainly be mentioned. These include risks of uneven contours and symmetry, sagging skin, skin or nerve injuries, uneven pigmentation, inflammation, fat clots, fluid loss or accumulation, unsatisfactory scarring, risks of anesthesia, hematoma (blood clot) and changes in skin sensation, asymmetry, prolonged postoperative pain, damage to adjacent organs in the vicinity of the treated region, poor wound healing, deep vein thrombosis, cardiac or pulmonary complications, and the possibility of revision (reoperation).
AFTER THE OPERATION
At the end of the operation, you will be acquainted in detail with the postoperative instructions (medication, dressings, removal of sutures, return to normal daily rhythm). It is very important that the operated area is not exposed to excessive stretching (but also squeezing, eg with a belt), blows or movement during the intended healing time. It should be noted that sometimes it takes several months for all the swelling to disappear completely.
Medical and surgical practice is not an exact science. Although all practical measures and knowledge are taken to ensure good results, there can be no guarantee of such a thing. In some situations, it is not possible to achieve the optimal result with one procedure, but some additional surgery is necessary.
PRICE OF LIPOSUCTION
You will find out the final price at the consultation, and it depends on the area of the procedure. The basic prices of liposuction are:
- Abdominal liposuction – 12.000 HRK
- Liposuction of other regions of the face and body – 5.000 – 10.000 HRK