Chemical peeling and its alternatives are an effective treatment for wrinkles caused by excessive exposure to the sun, mild scars and different types of acne. In addition, exfoliation improves the appearance of the skin with visible spots and loss of shine, as well as with changes caused by aging. In many cases, chemical peels are the first step towards maintaining a youthful appearance of the skin. Today, various preparations are in use that have a superficial, medium-deep and deep effect on the skin layers, depending on the severity of the problem. Generally speaking, deeper peeling gives a better and longer lasting effect, while milder forms of peeling lead to faster recovery, but also a shorter effect.
CHEMICAL FACIAL PEELING - PROCEDURE
Chemical peels are usually performed as a minor surgical procedure. Smaller areas of the skin do not require anesthesia, while chemical exfoliation of the whole face requires milder sedation and local anesthesia. Before the procedure, the skin is thoroughly cleansed with an antiseptic liquid that removes all impurities and prepares the skin for the penetration of the active substance. The exfoliating solution is then applied with an applicator. Applying a burning sensation that lasts 20-30 minutes. After the procedure, an antibiotic cream or ointment can be applied to protect the skin and keep it moist. After about 10 days, there is a change in the skin that takes on a pink color, and the surface is smoother and better toned. The skin color remains reddish for a few weeks after the procedure, but these changes can be masked by makeup. In most cases, after 6-8 weeks, the skin takes on a normal tone.
TYPES OF CHEMICAL PEELING
Depending on the depth and intensity of the effect, peeling is divided into superficial, medium-deep and deep. There are 4 different types of peels for chemical facial peels:
- Glycolic acid – stimulates collagen production and leads to thickening of the dermal layer of the skin. It is used for mild wrinkles, clogged skin pores and acne. Treatments can be repeated at regular intervals for a more lasting effect.
- Salicylic acid – used in superficial peeling. As it does not penetrate into the deeper layers, it does not act on the deep wrinkles of the skin. Surface peeling offers some improvement in skin tone and surface area, but the results are temporary.
- Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) – available in various concentrations that have a greater or lesser penetration into the skin, and is selected according to the nature of the problem. As a base for medium-deep peels, it brings better results than superficial ones. Healing is shorter than deep peeling.
- Phenol – as the deepest peeling available, leads to a dramatic effect that lasts for years. Phenol is used to treat skin that has severe changes such as deep furrows and wrinkles, and pigment changes. Precautions are required when applying it.
CHEMICAL PEELING AND ALTERNATIVES - SKIN CARE RECOMMENDATIONS - ZO® SKIN HEALTH
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